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高考英语语法填空技巧|2016高考英语语法填空真题精选10篇

小升初作文真题 时间:2019-05-21

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  Passage 1 (2015•新课标全国Ⅰ)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Yangshuo,China

  It was raining lightly when I __1__ (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn.But I didn't care.A few hours __2__,I'd been at home in Hong Kong,with __3__ (it) choking smog.Here,the air was clean and fresh,even with the rain.

  I'd skipped nearby Guilin,a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River __4__ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese __5__ (painting).Instead,I'd headed straight for Yangshuo.For those who fly to Guilin,it's only an hour away __6__ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.

  Yangshuo __7__ (be) really beautiful.A study of travelers __8__ (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world.And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia.Abercrombie & Kent,a travel company in Hong Kong,says it __9__ (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people __10__ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

  【语篇导读】

  桂林山水甲天下,阳朔风光甲桂林。作者讲述了从香港去阳朔旅游时的所见。

  1.解析:考查动词的时态。主句谓语动词使用了过去进行时,根据语境此处要用一般过去时态。

  答案 arrived

  2.解析:考查副词的用法。由语境可知,几个小时之前我还在香港的家中,由此可知before/earlier符合句意。

  答案 before/earlier

  3.解析:考查形容词性物主代词的用法。空格后面有名词smog,故要使用形容词性物主代词。

  答案 its

  4.解析:考查定语从句关系代词的用法。由句子结构不难判断这是一个定语从句。先行词为指物的mountain tops and dark waters,关系词在从句中作主语,因此答案为that/ which。

  答案 that/ which

  5.解析:考查名词的复数。“so many+复数名词”为一常用短语。

  答案 paintings

  6.解析:考查介词的固定用法。根据句意可知,这只是驱车一小时的路程。“by+交通工具名词”为一固定短语。

  答案 by

  7.解析:考查主谓一致和动词时态。本段介绍阳朔的自然条件,属客观事实,要用一般现在时,由于主语是单数第三人称形式,因此答案为is。

  答案 is

  8.解析:考查过去分词短语作后置定语的用法。study与conduct之间为动宾关系,故用表示被动的过去分词形式。此外,by是解题的关键词,conducted by...意为“由……所做的”。

  答案 conducted

  9.解析:考查副词的用法。该词修饰谓语动词arrange,故要用其副词形式。

  答案 regularly

  10.解析:考查现在分词短语作后置定语的用法。由于live与其所修饰的名词people之间为逻辑上的主谓关系,故用表示主动意义的现在分词形式。

  答案 living

  Passage 2 (2015•新课标全国Ⅱ)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  The adobe dwellings(土坯房)__1__(build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even __2__ most modern of architects and engineers.In addition to their simple beauty,what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their __3__(able) to “air condition”a house without __4__(use)electric equipment.Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat __5__(slow)during cool nights,thus warming the house.When a new day breaks,the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough __6__ (cool) the house during the hot day:__7__ the same time,they warm up again for the night.This cycle __8__ (go) day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and are thus always a timely offset(抵消)for the outside temperatures.As__9__(nature) architects,the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly__10__thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.

  【语篇导读】

  相比现代化的建筑,简陋的土坯房可谓丑陋不堪。但当代的建筑师却对其情有独钟。短文主要介绍了土坯房能够调节温度的原理。

  1.解析:考查过去分词短语作后置定语。主语dwellings与动词build之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词形式。又由by一词的暗示也可知用表示被动意义的过去分词。

  答案 built

  2.解析:考查定冠词的用法。空格之后为形容词的最高级形式,故填定冠词。

  答案 the

  3.解析:考查形容词与名词的转换。形容词性物主代词their之后应当用名词,故将able转化为其名词形式。

  答案 ability

  4.解析:考查介词的用法。介词without之后的动词要用动名词形式。

  答案 using

  5.解析:考查副词的用法。由土坯制成的墙壁在炎热的白天吸收太阳的热量并在凉爽的夜间慢慢将热量释放出来。修饰谓语动词give out,因此要用副词形式。

  答案 slowly

  6.解析:考查固定句式的用法。“形容词+enough+动词不定式”为一常用句式。

  答案 to cool

  7.解析:考查固定短语的用法。at the same time意为“同时”,是一个常用介词短语。

  答案 at

  8.解析:考查动词的时态。这是一篇说明文,主要介绍了土坯房冬暖夏凉的原理,故用一般现在时态。

  答案 goes

  9.解析:考查形容词的用法。修饰名词architects,故要用形容词形式。

  答案 natural

  10.解析:考查宾语从句的连接词用法。分析句子结构可知,这是一个宾语从句。根据形容词thick及结构可知这里的意思是印第安人要算出土坯墙的确切厚度。所以答案为how。

  答案 how

  Passage 3 (2015•福建)

  阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。

  Sometimes we have disagreements with people.When this (1)h_____, the important thing is to try not to let a calm discussion turn into a heated argument.Here (2)_____ my tips for you.

  The (3)f_____ thing I would say is that the way you begin the conversation is very important.

  Imagine you are a student and you share a flat (4)_____ another student who you think isn't doing her share of the housework.If you say, “Look, you never do your share of the housework.(5) _____ are you going to do about it?”, the discussion will very soon turn into an argument.It's much more (6)_____ (有帮助)to say something like, “I think we had (7)b_____ have another look about how we divide up the housework.Maybe there is a better way of dealing with it.”

  My second piece of (8)a_____ is simple.If you're the person who is in the wrong, just admit it! This is the easiest and best way to avoid an argument.Just make an (9)_____ (道歉), and move on.The other person will have more respect for you (10)_____ the future if you do that.

  答案:

  1.happens 2.are 3.first 4.with 5.What 6.helpful/beneficial 7.better 8.advice 9.apology 10.in

  Passage 4 (2015•湖南)

  Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context.

  Research has become both simpler and more complex. It's simpler because, __1__ you have a computer, you can find information you need by searching the Internet. For all your information, you don't have to go to __2__ library to find the relevant resource and take notes on it. Instead, you can find some sources from the Internet __3__ print the copies needed.Remember, however, that you should usually consult different types of sources. That is, you __4__ always rely just on the Internet for your research.

  While finding information is easier than ever, at the same time, researching has become __5__ complex. There is a lot more material available, which means you may be overwhelmed __6__ the amount of information. You need to learn __7__ to sort through and find the relevant information for your particular project. Also, __8__need to check the accuracy of it.

  【语篇导读】

  随着电脑和因特网的出现,研究变得既简单又复杂。一方面,我们不必像以往一样在书中搜索资料,这为我们提供了极大的方便;另一方面,网络中众多的资料良莠不齐,选择准确的信息使我们的工作变得愈加复杂。

  1.解析:考查状语从句。根据句意,如果你有了电脑,你可以通过上网获得所需的信息。

  答案 if

  2.解析:考查冠词。go to the library去图书馆;in the library 在图书馆。

  答案 the

  3.解析:考查连词。and 连接并列谓语find和print。

  答案 and

  4.解析:考查情态动词。根据上文你应该(should)查阅不同的资料。

  答案 shouldn't

  5.解析:考查形容词比较级。参见上文第一句more complex。

  答案 more

  6.解析:考查介词。be overwhelmed with 面临,陷入。

  答案 with

  7.解析:考查疑问词。根据句意,你需要学习如何分类并找到特定任务的相关信息。how to do 是含有疑问词的不定式,在此处作宾语。

  答案 how

  8.解析:考查代词。参见上文You need to learn how to sort throug...

  答案 you

  Passage 5 (2014•新课标全国Ⅰ)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式

  Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix?

  In 1969,the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River near Cleveland,Ohio.It __1__ (be) unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up.The river was so polluted that it __2__(actual) caught fire and burned.Now,years later,this river is one of __3__ most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup.

  But the river wasn't changed in a few days __4__ even a few months.It took years of work __5__ (reduce) the industrial pollution and clean the water.Finally,that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is __6__(clean) than ever.

  Maybe you are facing an impossible situation.Maybe you have a habit __7__ is driving your family crazy.Possibly you drink too much or don't know how to control your credit card use.When you face such an impossible situation,don't you want a quick fix and something to change immediately?

  While there are __8__ (amaze) stories of instant transformation,for most of us the __9__(change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work,like cleaning up a polluted river.Just be __10__(patience).

  答案解析:

  1.解析:文章讲的是1969年的事情,故用过去时。

  答案 was

  2.解析:修饰动词caught,用副词actually“实际上”。

  答案 actually

  3.解析:most outstanding是最高级,前面需要加the。

  答案 the

  4.解析:河流不是几天或者几个月里就改变了的,这里两个时间是选择关系,故用or。

  答案 or

  5.解析:这里考查固定句型:It takes some time to do sth“做某事花费多长时间”。故应填不定式to reduce。

  答案 to reduce

  6.解析:根据下文than知用形容词的比较级。

  答案 cleaner

  7.解析:habit是先行词,故用that/which引导定语从句。

  答案 that/which

  8.解析:是“令人吃惊的”,用形容词修饰名词stories,而amazed指“人感到吃惊的”,用来修饰人。

  答案 amazing

  9.解析:根据句子的谓语“are”可知主语应为复数。

  答案 changes

  10.解析:根据空格前系动词“be”可知这里应为形容词。

  答案 patient

 


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